New research on UK carbon capture is now focused on how carbon-based materials can actually absorb the CO2 that is produced from flue gasses. So far the focus has been on reducing carbon emissions in order to confront the effect of climate change, but not one country has been able to completely eliminate the fossil fuels that everyone in the world is dependent on.
Therefore, until renewable energy sources are abundantly available the better idea may be to focus on how to deal with CO2 gases once they are released. At the moment renewable energy sources simply are not efficient enough and are priced too high when compared to the low price of fossil fuels. In fact, the Royal Academy of Engineering found that the price of electricity from a wind farm is 7.2p kWh whereas the price of electricity from a gas power station is much lower at 2.2 per kWh.
Thus, there is a great need to harness the power of carbon power plants by tuning up carbon capture and storage technologies to help deal with the carbon output. CCS technology involves capturing CO2 when it is released at its source and then compressing it so that it can then be stored properly in porous rocks.
There are many different technologies that allow this to be possible and many of the individual elements that make up the CCS process are already in use in gas, oil, and chemical sectors. The goal of the International Energy Agency is to have a total of 1,500 plants operational by the year 2035. At the moment worldwide there are only eight.
At Leeds University scientists are working hard at the Diamond Light Source to create a super absorbent material that will make it easier to absorb CO2 for better effects.